Fatores de risco para morte em pacientes com sepse em uma unidade de terapia intensiva

Palavras-chave: Unidades de Terapia Intensiva; Sepse; Fatores de Risco; Morte; Cuidados de Enfermagem.

Resumo

Objetivo: determinar os principais fatores de risco para a morte em pacientes com sepse em uma unidade de terapia intensiva. Métodos: trata-se de uma coorte retrospectiva, onde foram incluídos 124 prontuários de pacientes que tiveram diagnóstico clínico e laboratorial de sepse. A probabilidade condicional de morte foi calculada através do método de Kaplan-Meier; o risco de morte foi estimado pela razão de risco, utilizando modelo de regressão de Cox com p<0,050. Resultados: o foco principal da infecção foi o sistema respiratório. Em relação ao desfecho, morreram 40,3% pacientes com sepse, 73,9% com sepse grave e 69,2% com choque séptico. Os pacientes com sepse abdominal e que utilizaram vasopressores apresentaram maior risco de morte. Conclusão: pacientes sépticos com fonte abdominal de infecção e fazendo uso de agentes vasopressores apresentaram maior risco de morte, enquanto que pacientes traqueostomizados tiveram melhores chances de sobreviver.

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Publicado
2018-04-10
Seção
Artigos de Pesquisa