Effect of music as a therapeutic resource in a support group for the elderly

Keywords: Music Therapy; Aged; Stress, Physiological; Nursing.


Objective: to analyze the effect of musical interventions to reduce stress levels in the elderly. Methods: quantitative research, of quasi-experimental type, in which the level of stress was assessed before and after interventions with the music therapy method, called receptive experience, in 25 elderly people in a support group. The Perceived Stress Scale was used and descriptive and inferential statistical analysis was performed. Results: in the assessment of perceived stress, the average was 33.6 (standard deviation 5.17) points in the pre-test and 31.6 (standard deviation 2.29) points in the post-test (p<0.05). In the assessment dimension, the reduction was identified only in the perceived distress factor. Pre-tests outcomes showed that the higher the monthly income, the lower the perceived stress (p=0.043). Conclusion: musical interventions with the participants of this study were able to reduce stress levels, indicating the importance of music as a therapeutic resource in health promotion actions.


Batista NS, Ribeiro MC. Music as a therapeutic resource in mental health intervention. Rev Ter Ocup Univ. 2016; 27(3):336-41. doi: https://doi.org/10.11606/issn.2238-6149.v27i3p336-341

Franzoi MAH, Santos JLG, Backes VMS, Ramos FRS. Musical intervention as a nursing care strategy for children with autism spectrum disorder at a psychosocial care center. Texto Contexto Enferm. 2016; 25(1):e1020015. doi: https://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0104-070720160001020015

Melo GAA, Rodrigues AB, Firmeza MA, Grangeiro AS, Oliveira PP, Caetano JA. Musical intervention on anxiety and vital parameters of chronic renal patients: a randomized clinical trial. Rev Latino-Am Enfermagem. 2018; 26:e2978. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1518-8345.2123.2978

Azeredo ZAS, Afonso MAN. Loneliness from the perspective of the elderly. Rev Bras Geriatr Gerontol. 2016; 19(2):313-24. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1809-98232016019.150085

Schoffen LL, Santos WL. The importance of living groups for the elderly as instrument for health maintenance. Rev Cient Sena [Internet]. 2018 [cited July 3, 2020]; 7(3):160-70. Available from: http://revistafacesa.senaaires.com.br/index.php/revisa/article/view/317/227

Stubbs B, Vancampfort D, Veronese N, Schofield P, Lin PY, Tseng PT, et al. Multimorbidity and perceived stress: a population-based cross-sectional study among older adults across six low and middle-income countries. Maturitas. 2018; 107:84-9. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.maturitas.2017.10.007

Zanini CRO, Jardim PCBV, Salgado CM, Nunes MC, Urzêda FL, Carvalho MVC. Music therapy effects on the quality of life and the blood pressure of hypertensive patients. Arq Bras Cardiol. 2009; 93(5):534-40. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0066-782X2009001100015

Luft CB, Sanches SO, Mazo GZ, Andrade A. Brazilian version of the Perceived Stress Scale: translation and validation for the elderly. Rev Saúde Pública. 2007; 41(4):606-15. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-89102007000400015

Bartfay WJ, Wu T, Bartfay E, Zavitz K, Earle J, Hosbourgh S, et al. A Personalized Music Intervention (PMI) to decrease BPSDS in patients with dementia on a geriatric dementia unit: promoting patient centred care and quality of life. Am J Biomed Sci Res. 2020; 9(4):298-305. doi: https://dx.doi.org/10.34297/AJBSR.2020.09.001412

Confortin SC, Giehl MWC, Antes DL, Schneider IJC, D’Orsi E. Positive self-rated health in the elderly: a population-based study in the South of Brazil. Cad Saúde Pública. 2015; 31(5):1049-60. doi: https://doi.org/10.1590/0102-311X00132014

Mantovani EP, Lucca SR, Neri AL. Associations between meanings of old age and subjective well-being indicated by satisfaction among the elderly. Rev Bras Geriatr Gerontol. 2016; 19(2):203-22.doi:https://doi.org/10.1590/1809-98232016019.150041

Tarallo RS, Neri AL, Cachioni M. Attitudes of elderly persons and professionals towards intergenerational exchanges. Rev Bras Geriatr Gerontol. 2017; 20(3):421-9. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1981-22562017020.160194

Antunes J. Stress and disease: what does evidence say? Psic Saúde Doenças. 2019; 20(3):590-603. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.15309/19psd200304

Santos EB, Rodrigues RAP, Marques S, Pontes-Neto OM. Perceived stress in elderly stroke survivors after hospital discharge to home. Rev Esc Enferm USP. 2015; 49(5):797-803. doi: https://doi.org/10.1590/S0080-623420150000500013

Veras R. A contemporary and innovative care model for older adults. Rev Bras Geriatr Gerontol. 2020; 23(1):e200061. doi: https://doi.org/10.1590/1981-22562020023.200061

Andrade Júnior H. Therapeutic efficacy of music: a transdisciplinary view of health for teams, patients and companions. Rev Enferm UERJ. 2018; 26:e29155. doi: https://doi.org/10.12957/reuerj.2018.29155

Silva PAS, Rocha SV, Santos LB, Santos CA, Amorim CR, Vilela ABA. The prevalence of common mental disorders and associated factors among the elderly in a Brazilian city. Ciênc Saúde Coletiva. 2018; 23(2):639-46. doi: https://doi.org/10.1590/1413-81232018232.12852016

Menezes-Silva R, Oliveira DWD, Biscaro PCB, Orti NP, Sá-Pinto AC, Ramos-Jorge ML. Epidemiological survey in elderly people (II): oral health, anxiety, depression, stress, and drug utilization. Sci Med. 2016; 26(1):ID21980. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.15448/1980-6108.2016.1.21980

Korten NCM, Comijs HC, Penninx BWJH, Deeg DJH. Perceived stress and cognitive function in older adults: which aspect of perceived stress is impor- tant? Int J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2017; 32(4):439-45. doi: https://doi.org/10.1002/gps.4486

Silverman MJ. Music-based emotion regulation and healthy and unhealthy music use predict coping strategies in adults with substance use disorder: a cross-sectional study. Psychol Music. 2019; 1:1-18. doi: https://doi.org/10.1177/0305735619854529

Research Article