EFEITO DAS PERDAS DE COBERTURA DE PRADOS DE ANGIOPERMAS MARINHAS SOBRE A MACROFAUNA BENTÔNICA

  • Laura Costa Laranjeira Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco
  • Kcrishna Vilanova de Souza Barros Instituto de Ciências do Mar - Labomar
  • Mônica Lucia Botter-Carvalho Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco
  • Karine Matos Magalhães Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco
Palavras-chave: Bentos, Ecossistema fital, capim-agulha

Resumo

Para avaliar o efeito de perdas recentes de áreas de pradarias marinhas sobre a macrofauna bentônica associada, foram comparadas as assembleias associadas às áreas vegetadas e áreas com perda recente de cobertura vegetal, na praia de Catuama, litoral norte de Pernambuco, Brasil. Em maio de 2010, foram coletadas 10 amostras dentro do prado de Halodule wrightii e 10 amostras em áreas não mais ocupadas pela pradaria (não-vegetadas), com auxílio de um tubo coletor de PVC, para análises das plantas e da fauna capturada em malha de 0,5 mm. A macrofauna bentônica foi composta por 2566 espécimes, sendo 2493 em áreas vegetadas e 73 em áreas sem vegetação. Apenas anelídeos e moluscos foram encontrados em ambos os ambientes, mas a abundância total (H=15,310; p<0,001) e o número de táxons (H=13,740; p<0,001) foram significativamente maiores nas áreas vegetadas. Assim, o estudo demonstrou que as áreas não vegetadas, onde ocorreu perda de cobertura vegetal recente, foram significativamente menos habitadas, reforçando a necessidade de conservação destes prados e, consequentemente, a manutenção de seus serviços ecossistêmicos, como a fauna associada.

Biografia do Autor

Karine Matos Magalhães, Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco
Área de Ecologia - Departamento de Biologia

Referências

Abbiatti, M.; Castelli, A.; Giangrande, A. & Lardicci, C. Distribution of polychaetes on hard substrates of the Midlittoral-Infralittoral transition zone, Western Mediterranean. Ophelia (Suppl.), v. 5, p. 421-432, 1991.

Airoldi, L.; Balata, D. & Beck, M. W. The Gray Zone: Relationships between habitat loss and marine diversity and their applications in conservation. J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol., v. 366, Issues 1-2, p. 8-15, 2008.

Alves, M.S. & Araújo, M.J.G. Moluscos associados ao fital Halodule wrightii Ascherson na Ilha de Itamaracá-PE. Trab. Oceanog., v. 27, n. 1, p. 91-99, 1999.

Aragão, J. O. R. A influência dos Oceanos Pacífico e Atlântico na dinâmica do tempo e do clima do Nordeste do Brasil, p. 287-317, in Eskinazi-Leça, E.; Neumann-Leitão, S. & Costa, M. F. (orgs.). Oceanografia – um cenário tropical, Bagaço, 761p., Recife, 2004.

Arana, I. L. & Díaz, O. D. Polychaeta (annelida) associated whit Thalassia testudinum in the Northeastern coastal waters of Venezuela. Rev. Biol. Trop., v. 54, n. 3, p. 971-978, 2006.

Barnes, R. S. K. Patterns of benthic invertebrate biodiversity in intertidal seagrass in Moreton Bay, Queensland. Regional Studies in Marine Science, v. 15, p.17-25, 2017.

Barnes, R. S. K. & Barnes, M. K. S. Shore height and differentials between macrobenthic assemblages in vegetated and unvegetated areas of an intertidal sandflat. Estuar. Coast. Shelf Sci., v. 106, p. 112-120, 2012.

Barros, K. V. S.; Jardim, J. & Rocha-Barreira, C. A. Ecological observations on Polyplacophora in a Halodule wrightii Ascherson meadow and new records for Northeast and Brazilian coast. Rev. Nord. Zool., v. 7, n. 1, p. 27-40, 2013a.

Barros, K. V. S. & Rocha-Barreira, C. A. Caracterização da dinâmica espaço-temporal da macrofauna bentônica em um banco de Halodule wrightii Ascherson (Cymodoceaceae) por meio de estratificação. Rev. Nord. Zool., v. 4, n. 1, p. 73-81, 2009/2010.

Barros, K. V. S. & Rocha-Barreira, C. A. Responses of the molluscan fauna to environmental variations in a Halodule wrightii Ascherson ecosystem from Northeastern Brazil. An. Acad. Bras. Ciênc., v. 85, n. 4, p. 187-200, 2013.

Barros, K. V. S. & Rocha-Barreira, C. A. Environmental influences on Halodule wrightii Ascherson meadow in Northeastern Brazil. Braz. J. Aquat. Sci. Technol., v. 18, n. 2, p. 31-41, 2014.

Barros, K. V. S.; Rocha-Barreira, C. A. & Magalhães, K. M. Ecology of Brazilian seagrasses: Is our current knowledge sufficient to make sound decisions about mitigating the effects of climate change? Iheringia Sér. Bot., v. 68, n. 1, p.155-170, 2013b.

Barros, K. V. S.; Souza-Filho, J. F.; Paiva, R. J. C.; Araújo-Silva, C. L.; Almeida, A. O. & Rocha-Barreira, C. A. Seasonal variation of the crustacean fauna in the belowground and aboveground strata in a Halodule wrightii meadow of northeastern Brazil. Iheringia Sér Zool., v. 107, n. e2017048, p. 1-7, 2017.

Björk, M.; Short, F.; McLeod, E. & Beer, S. Managing seagrasses for resilience to climate change. World Conservation Union Global Marine Programme, Gland,55 p., Switzerland, 2008.

Casares, F. A. & Creed, J. C. Do Small Seagrasses Enhance Density, Richness, and Diversity Of Macrofauna? J Coastal Res., v. 24, n. 3, p. 790-797, 2008.

Cavalcante, L. L.; Amorim, L. A.; Costa, F. N.; Rocha-Barreira, C. A. & Barros, K. V. S. Variações no prado de Halodule wrightii Ascherson e macrofauna associada na praia da Pedra Rachada, Paracuru, Ceará – Brasil. Rev. Educ. Cient. Cult., v. 1, n.2, p. 1-9, 2014.

Clarke, K.R. & Ainsworth, M. A method of linking multivariate community structure to environmental variables. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser., v. 92, p. 205-219, 1993.

Clarke, K. R. & Warwick, R. M. Similarity-based testing for community patter: the 2-way layout with no replication. Mar. Biol., v. 18, p. 167-176, 1994.

Copertino, M. S.; Creed, J. C.; Lanari, M. O.; Magalhães, K.; Barros, K.; Lana, P. C.; Sordo, L. & Horta, P. A. Seagrass and submerged aquatic vegetation (VAS) habitats off the coast of Brazil: state of knowledge, conservation and main threats. Braz. J. Oceanogr., v. 64, n. sp2, p. 53-80, 2016.

Costanza, R.; D’arge, R.; Groot, R.; Farberk, S.; Grasso, M.; Hannon, B.; Limburg, K.; Naeem, S.; O’neill, R.V.; Paruelo, J.; Raskin, R.G.; Suttonkk, P. & Van Den Belt, M. The value of the world's ecosystem services and natural capital. Nature, v. 387, p. 253-260, 1997.

Corbisier, T. N., Macrozoobentos da Praia do Codó (Ubatuba,SP) e a presença de Halodule wrightii. Bolm. inst. oceanogr., v. 42, p. 99-111, 1994.

Creed, J. C. Distribution, seasonal abundance and shoot size of the seagrass Halodule wrightii near its southern limit at Rio de Janeiro state, Brazil. Aquat. Bot. v. 65, p. 47-58, 1999.

Creed, J. C. & Kinupp, M. Small scale change in mollusk diversity along a depth gradient in a seagrass bed off Cabo Frio, (Southeast Brazil). Braz. J. Oceanogr., v. 59, n. 3, p. 267-276, 2011.

De Metrio, G.; Bello, G.; Vaccarella, R. & Terio, E. Malacofauna di “mattes” morti di Posidonia. Atti Accad. Peloritana Pericolanti Cl. Sci. Fis. Mat. Natur., v. 26, p. 3-8, 1980.

Do, V. T.; Blanchet, H.; Montaudouin, X. & Lavesque, N. Limited Consequences of Seagrass Decline on Benthic Macrofauna and Associated Biotic Indicators. Estuaries Coast., v. 36, p. 795-807, 2013.

Do, V. T.; Montaudouin, X.; Lavesque, N.; Blanchet, H. & Guyard, H. Seagrass colonization: knock-on effects on zoo- benthic community, populations and individual health. Estuar. Coast. Shelf Sci., v. 95, p. 458–469, 2011.

Duarte, C. M. The future of seagrass meadows. Environ. Conserv., v. 29, n. 2, p. 192-206, 2002.

Duarte, C.M. & Kirkman, H. Methods for the Measurement of Seagrass Abundance and Depth Distribution, p. 141-153, in Short, F.T. & Coles, R.G. (eds.), Global Seagrass Research Methods. Elsevier, 463p., New York, 2001.

França, C. R. C.; Pitanga, M. E.; Alves, M. D. O.; Araújo, M. E.; Silva, S. L. & Magalhães, K. M. Morfologia foliar e densidade de hastes de Halodule wrightii (Cymodoceaceae), no litoral de Alagoas, Brasil. Trop. Oceanogr., v. 42, n. esp., p. 58-67, 2014.

Froján, C. R. S.; Hawkins, L. E.; Aryuthaka, C.; Nimsantijaroen, S.; Kendall, M. A. & Paterson, G. L. J. Patterns of polychaete communities in tropical sedimentary habitats: a case study in south-western Thailand. Raffles Bull. Zool., v. 53, n. 1, p. 1-11, 2005.

Gambi M. C.; Conti G. & Bremec C. S. Polychaete distribution, diversity and seasonality related to seagrass cover in shallow bottoms of the Tyrrenian Sea (Italy). Sci. Mar., p. 62: 1-2, 1998.

Gore, R. H.; Gallaher, E. E.; Scotto, L. E. & Wilson, K. A. Studies on decapod crustacea from theIndian River Region of Florida: XI. Community composition, structure, biomass and species-areal relationships of seagrass and drift algae-associated macrocrustaceans. Estuar. Coast. Shelf Sci., v.12, n. 4, p. 485-508, 1981.

Gorman, D.; Turra, A.; Bergstrom, E. & Horta, P. A. Population expansion of a tropical seagrass (Halophila decipiens) in the southwest Atlantic (Brazil). Aquat. Bot., v. 132, p. 30–36, 2016.

Green, E. P. & Short, F. T. World Atlas of Seagrasses. University of California Press, 298p., Los Angeles, 2003.

Heck, K. L. & Orth, R. J. Structural components of eelgrass (Zostera marina ) meadows in the lower Chesapeake Bay-Decapod crustacea. Estuar Coast., v. 3, n. 4, p. 289-295, 1980.

Hemminga, M. A. & Duarte, C. M. Seagrass Ecology. Cambridge University Press, 298p., Cambridge, 2000.

Holme, N. A. & McIntyre, A. D. Methods for the study of marine benthos, 1st ed., Blackwell Scientific Publication, 334 p., Oxford, 1971.

Hughes, R. G; Rubies, A. G. & Gili, J. M. The growth and degeneration of the hydroid Sertularia perpusilla, an obligate epiphyte of leaves of the seagrass Posidonia oceanica. Hydrobiologia, v. 216/217, p. 211-214, 1991.

Hutchings, P. A.; Ward, T. J. & Waterhouse, J. H. Infauna Of Marine Sediments and Seagrass Beds Of Upper Spencer Gulf Near Port Pirie, South Australia. Summ. Trans. Royal Soc., v. 117, n. 1, p. 1-15, 1993.

Jernakoff, P. & Nielsen, J. Plant-animal associations in two species of seagrasses in Western Australia. Aquat. Bot., v. 60, p. 359-376, 1998.

Lewis, F. G. Distribution of macrobenthic crustaceans associated with Thalassia, Halodule and bare sand substrata. Mar. Ecol. Progr. Ser., v. 19, p. 101-113, 1984.

Magalhães, K.M.; Eskinazi – Leça, E.; Moura Júnior, A. M. Morfometria e Biomassa da Fanerógama Marinha Halodule wrightii Ascherson no Litoral Norte de Pernambuco.Trab. Oceanogr., v. 25, p. 83-92. 1997.

Nakaoka, M. Plant–animal interactions in seagrass beds: ongoing and future challenges for understanding population and community dynamics. Popul. Ecol., v. 47, n. 3, p. 167-177, 2005.

Nakaoka, M. & Toyohara, T. Effects of seagrass patch structure on the mobile epifaunal community in a subtidal seagrass meadow in Thailand. Benthos Res., v. 55, p. 53-61, 2000.

Nakaoka, M.; Toyohara, T. & Matsumasa, M. Seasonal and between-substrate variation community in a multiespecific seagrass bed of Otsuchi Bay, Japan. Mar. Ecol., v. 22, n. 4, p. 379-395, 2001.

Oliveira, E. C., et al. Phenology of a seagrass (Halodule wrightii) bed on the southeast coast of Brazil. Aquat. Bot., Amsterdam, v. 56, n. 1, p. 25-33, 1997.

Omena, E. & Creed, J. C. Polychaete Fauna of Seagrass Beds (Halodule wrightii Ascherson) Along the Coast of Rio de Janeiro (Southeast Brazil). Mar. Ecol., v. 25, n. 4, 273–288, 2004.

Orth, R.J.; Heck-Jr, K.L. & Van Montfrans, J. Faunal communities in seagrass beds: a review of the influence of the plant structure and prey characters on predator: prey relationships. Estuaries, v. 7, n. 4, p. 339-350, 1984.

Rainer, F. & Unsworth, P. Ecology and production of Nebalia sp. (Crustacea: Leptostraca) in a shallow-water seagrass community. Austr. J. Mar. Freshwater Res., v. 42, p. 53-68, 1991.

Rueda, J. L.; Gofas, S.; Urra, J. & Salas, C. A highly diverse molluscan assemblage associated with eelgrass beds (Zostera marina L.) in the Alboran Sea: Micro-habitat preference, feeding guilds and biogeographical distribution. Sci. Mar., v. 73, n. 4, p. 679-700, 2009.

Sánchez-Jerez, P.; Cebrián, C. B. & Esplá, A. A. R. Comparison of the epifauna spatial distribution in Posidonia oceanica, Cymodocea nodosa and unvegetated bottoms: Importance of meadow edges. Acta Oecol., v. 20, n. 4, p. 391-405, 1999.

Short, F. T.; Koch, E. W.; Creed, J. C.; Magalhães, K. M.; Fernandez, E. & Gaeckle, J. L. SeagrassNet monitoring across the Americas: case studies of seagrass decline. Mar. Ecol., v. 27, p. 277-289, 2006.

Somaschini, A.; Gravina, M. F. & Ardizzone, G. D. Polychaete depth distribution in a Posidonia oceanica bed (rhizome and matte strata) and neighbouring soft and hard bottoms. Mar. Ecol., v. 15, p. 133-151, 1994.

Stoner, A. W. The Role of Seagrass Biomass In The Organization Of Benthic Macrofaunal Assemblages. Bull. Mar. Sci., v. 30, n.3, p. 537-551, 1980.

Terrados, J. & Borum, J. Why are seagrasses important? – Goods and services provided by seagrass meadows, p.8-10, in Borum, J.; Duarte, C. M.; Krause-Jensen, D. & Greve, T. M. (eds.), European Seagrasses: an introduction to monitoring and management, Monitoring and Management of European Seagrass Beds, 88p., Denmark, 2004.

Toyohara, T. & Nakaoka, M. Population dynamics and reproductive traits of phytal gastropods in seagrass bed in Otsuchi Bay, northeastern Japan. Mar. Ecol., v. 20, n. 3-4, p. 273-289, 1999.

Waycott, M.; Collier, C.; Mcmahon, K.; Ralph, P.; Mckenzie, L.; Udy, J. & Grech, A. 2007. Vulnerability of seagrasses in the Great Barrier Reef to climate change, p. 193-235, in Johnson, J. E. & Marshall, P. A. (eds.), Climate Change and the Great Barrier Reef: a vulnerability assessment. Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority and Australian Greenhouse Office, Townsville, 2007.

Waycott, M.; Duarte, M. C.; Carruthers, J. B. T.; Orthd,J. R.; Dennisonc, W. C.; Olyarnike, S.; Calladinea, A.; Fourqureanf, J. W.; Heck Jr, K. L.; Hughese, A. R.; Kendricki, G. A.; Kenworthyj, W. J.; Short, F. T. & Williams, L. S. Accelerating Loss Of Seagrasses Across The Globe Threatens Coastal Ecosystems. Pnas, v. 106, n. 30, p. 12377-12381, 2009.

Virnstein, R. W. Seagrass-associated Invertebrate Communities of the Southeasthern U.S.A.: A Review, p.89-116, in Durako, M. J.; Philips, R. C. & Lewis, R. R. (eds.), Proceedings of the Symposium on Subtropical – Tropical Seagrass of the Southeastern United States, Florida Marine Research Publications, Florida, 1987.

Zieman, J. C. & Zieman, R. T. The ecology of the seagrass meadows of the west coast of Florida: a community profile. U.S. Department of the Interior Fish and Wildlife Service Research and Development, Biological Report, Washington, D. C., v. 85, n. 7.25, 155p., 1989.

Zupo, V. Strategies of sexual inversion in Hippolyte inermis Leach (Crustacea, Decapoda) from a Mediterranean seagrass meadow. J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol., v.178, p. 131-145, 1994.

Publicado
2019-04-02
Seção
Artigos originais