Indicators related to physical disability and diagnosis of leprosy

Heloisy Alves de Medeiros Leano, Kleane Maria da Fonseca Azevedo Araújo, Rayssa Nogueira Rodrigues, Isabela de Caux Bueno, Francisco Carlos Félix Lana

Abstract


Objective: to analyze the trend of epidemiological indicators of leprosy related to diagnosis and physical disability. Methods: ecological study of time series. The secondary data were extracted from the Brazilian Notifiable Diseases Information System. Prais-Winsten generalized linear analysis was used for trend analysis. Results: 240,028 new cases of leprosy were analyzed. The Northeast region showed a decreasing annual trend (-2.9%) for general detection. As for disability, there are differences among the states of Bahia (4.9%), Alagoas (4.1%), Piauí (2.5%), Maranhão (2.2%) and Ceará (2.1%), which presented increasing trend to grade 2 ratio in the general population. Bahia (9.5%), Sergipe (6.6%) and Maranhão (4.9%) also presented an increasing trend to grade 2 among children. Conclusion:the Northeast region has remained at a very high endemicity level for leprosy with a difference in the distribution of the disease among the states. It was shown active transmission of the bacillus, late diagnosis and underreporting in the region.

Keywords


Leprosy; Child; Disabled Persons; Epidemiologic Measurements; Neglected Diseases.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15253/rev%20rene.v18i6.31105

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