Perspectives on human beings in chinese philosophy and its historical significance to the cause of educational innovation in Vietnam currently

Keywords: Human issue. Chinese philosophy. Educational innovation. Vietnam.

Abstract

China is known as a cradle of human civilization. Since ancient times, this place has achieved many brilliant development achievements in all fields of social life, especially philosophy. During the process of formation and development, Chinese philosophy has taken people and human-related issues as the object of study. Theories on people are very rich and diverse in order to clarify the human issues in many different aspects. Chinese philosophic viewpoints on people are widespread, affecting and influencing many other countries in the region, including Vietnam. The article uses the methodology of the materialistic dialectics with principles of comprehensiveness, development, specific history and methods of comparison, analysis and synthesis to clarify the basic contents of the human issue in ancient Chinese philosophy, thereby, drawing its historical significance for the cause of current educational innovation in Vietnam through the development of policies on detecting, fostering, training and employing talents; focusing on moral education, considering moral education as the basic task of all educational processes; promoting the particularly important role of the teacher in the entire educational process; and building a rich and lively system of teaching methods to achieve the highest efficiency in the educational process.

Author Biography

Nguyen Thi Quyet, Ho Chi Minh City University of Technology and Education

Doctor of Philosophy, Faculty of political theory, Ho Chi Minh City University of Technology and Education, Ho Chi Minh, Vietnam.

References

CHENG, C.-Y. Theoretical Links Between Kant and Confucianism: Preliminary Remarks. Journal of Chinese Philosophy, v. 33, n. 1, p. 3-15, 2006.

COMMUNIST PARTY OF VIETNAM. Document of the 10th National Congress of Deputies. National Political Publishing House, 2006.

COMMUNIST PARTY OF VIETNAM. Document of the 12th National Congress of Deputies. National Political Publishing House, 2016.

COMMUNIST PARTY OF VIETNAM. Document of the 13th National Congress of Deputies. National Political Publishing House, 2021.

DINH, T. N.; SHARIFIAN, F. Vietnamese cultural conceptualisations in the locally developed English textbook: a case study of ‘Lunar New Year’/‘Tet’. Asian Englishes, v. 19, n. 2, p. 148-159, 2017.

DOAN, C. Eastern philosophy - values and historical lessons. National Political Publishing House, 2010.

FENG, C. A New Examination of Confucius’ Rectification of Names. Journal of Chinese Humanities, v. 2, n. 2, p. 147-171, 2016.

FOX, A. Guarding What Is Essential: Critiques of Material Culture in Thoreau and Yang Zhu. Philosophy East and West, v. 58, n. 3, p. 358-371, 2008.

IVANHOE, P. J. Heaven as a Source for Ethical Warrant in Early Confucianism. Dao, v. 6, n. 3, p. 211-220, 2007.

JIANG, Y.-H. Confucian Political Theory in Contemporary China. Annual Review of Political Science, v. 21, n. 1, p. 155-173, 2018.

KONG, D.; ZHANG, J. The research on Chinese ancient management philosophies' similarities with contemporary human resources management thoughts. Chinese Management Studies, v. 5, n. 4, p. 368-379, 2011.

LE, C. T.; ROWLEY, C.; QUANG, T.; WARNER, M. To what extent can management practices be transferred between countries? The case of human resource management in Vietnam. Journal of World Business, v. 42, n. 1, p. 113-127, 2007.

LE, V. C. A critical analysis of moral values in Vietnam-produced EFL textbooks for upper secondary schools. In: WIDODO, H. P.; PERFECTO, M. R.; LE, V. C.; BURIPAKDI, A. (Eds.). Situating Moral and Cultural Values in ELT Materials: The Southeast Asian Context, p. 111-129, 2018.

LI, L. Zhi and Neng belong to mind: a study of the capacity to be good in the mind of Xunzi. Asian Philosophy, v. 28, n. 4, p. 348-357, 2018.

LONDON, J. D. Contemporary Vietnam’s Education System: Historical Roots, 1 Current Trend. In: LONDON, J. D. (Ed.). Education in Vietnam. ISEAS Publishing, 2011. p. 1-56.

NGUYEN, D. T. Eastern philosophy on humans and development. Journal of Human Studies, v. 3, p. 16-22, 2007.

NGUYEN, T. B. The social-political theory of Confucianism and its influence in Vietnam (from the 11th century to the first half of 19th century). National Political Publishing House, 2005.

NGUYEN, T. L. Confucianism in Vietnam - education and exams. Education Publishing House, 2015.

NGUYEN, T. N.; HO, T. H. Confucian conceptions of human education. National Political Publishing House, 2018.

NGUYEN, T. Q. T. The influence of traditional beliefs on Vietnamese college lecturers’ perceptions of face. Journal of Education for Teaching, v. 41, n. 2, p. 203-214, 2015.

PANG-WHITE, A. A. Inside Out: Pleasure in Chinese Intellectual Traditions. Journal of World Philosophies, v. 4, n. 2, p. 163-165, 2019.

PENG, P. Benti, practice and state: On the doctrine of mind in the four chapters of Guanzi. Frontiers of Philosophy in China, v. 6, n. 4, p. 549-564, 2011.

PHAM, L. H.; FRY, G. W. Education and Economic, Political, and Social Change in Vietnam. Educational Research for Policy and Practice, v. 3, n. 3, p. 199-222, 2004.

QUANG, D. Confucianism in the past and present. Publishing house of Culture, 1994.

Radice, T. Manufacturing Mohism in the Mencius. Asian Philosophy, v. 21, n. 2, p. 139-152, 2011.

SHIN, D. C. Confucianism and Democratization in East Asia. Cambridge University Press, 2011.

TAN, C. Education policy borrowing and cultural scripts for teaching in China. Comparative Education, v. 51, n. 2, p. 196-211, 2015.

TAN, C. Three Characteristics and Advantages of Confucian Moral Education. In: PETERS, M. A.; BESLEY, T.; ZHANG, H. (Eds.). Moral Education and the Ethics of Self-Cultivation. Springer, 2021. p. 139-150.

TRAN, N. V. Human issues in Eastern philosophy and modern times. Philosophy Journal, v. 8, p. 44-51, 2015.

TRUONG, T. D.; HALLINGER, P.; SANGA, K. Confucian values and school leadership in Vietnam: Exploring the influence of culture on principal decision making. Educational Management Administration & Leadership, v. 45, n. 1, p. 77-100, 2016.

VILLAVER, R. Does Guiji Mean Egoism? Yang Zhu’s Conception of Self. Asian Philosophy, v. 25, n. 2, p. 216-223, 2015.

WELCH, A. R. Internationalisation of Vietnamese higher education: Retrospect and prospect. In: HARMAN, G.; HAYDEN, M.; PHAM, T. N. (Eds.). Reforming higher education in Vietnam (pp. 197-213). Springer, 2010. p. 197-213.

YAO, X. An Introduction to Confucianism. Cambridge University Press, 2000.

YOU, Z.; RUD, A.; HU, Y. The Contention of a Hundred Schools of Thought: The Philosophy of Moral Education in the Spring and Autumn and Warring States Periods. In The Philosophy of Chinese Moral Education. Palgrave Macmillan, 2018. p. 65-84.

ZHANG, P. The Role of Conscience and the Original Heart in Mencius’ Theory of the Original Goodness in Human Nature. In: XAO, X. (Ed.) Reconceptualizing Confucian Philosophy in the 21st Century, 2017. p. 191-200.

Published
2022-07-01
Section
Artigos