Epidemiological trends of leprosy in an endemic state

Kleane Maria da Fonseca Azevedo Araújo, Heloisy Alves de Medeiros Leano, Rayssa Nogueira Rodrigues, Isabela de Caux Bueno, Francisco Carlos Felíx Lana

Abstract


Objective: to analyze the epidemiological trends of leprosy in an endemic state. Methods:ecological study of temporal trends. The data were taken from the National Disease Notification System and analyzed through a generalized linear regression using the Prais Winsten method. Results: a total of 12,134 new cases of leprosy were analyzed. There was a downward trend of -4.8% in the overall detection rate and of -6.7% in the detection rate in children under 15 years of age. The proportion of new cases of leprosy with grade 2 physical disability at diagnosis showed a stationary trend of 2.7%. It is noteworthy that the trends of epidemiological indicators of leprosy are heterogeneous among the macro-regions of the health system. Conclusion: the incidence of leprosy declined in the general population, in children under 15 years of age, and the proportion of grade 2 disability showed stability. Despite the decline, it is evident that diagnoses occur late and the transmission remains active.

Keywords


Leprosy; Epidemiology; Primary Health Care.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15253/rev%20rene.v18i6.31089

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