Predictive factors for worsening chronic wounds

Keywords: Nursing; Primary Health Care; Wounds and Injuries.


Objective: to analyze the predictive factors for the aggravation of chronic wounds. Methods: quantitative, cross-sectional study, whose collection was performed using the Bates-Jensen Wound Assessment Tool. For data analysis, the independent t test, analysis of variance and multiple linear regressions were applied. The level of significance adopted was 0.05. Results: in the bivariate analysis, it was observed that the variables making use of tobacco (p=0.005), presenting food restriction (p=0.001), signs of infection (p=0.005), odor characteristics (p<0.001) and evaluation pain (p=0.012) contributed to the worsening of chronic wounds. Conclusion: it was found as predictors for the worsening of wounds: using tobacco, having food restriction of the hypo sodium or hypoglycemic type, in addition to presenting edema in the surrounding area, as a sign of infection.


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Research Article