Preparing the manuscript for submission

Text presentation guidelines

The manuscripts must follow the guidelines of the EQUATOR Network, according to the type of study performed:

For all types of studies, consult the Revised Standards for Quality Improvement Reporting Excellence guide (SQUIRE 2.0 - checklist);

For a randomized clinical trial, use the CONSORT guide (checklist and flowchart);

For systematic reviews and meta-analysis, use the PRISMA guide (checklist and flowchart);

For other types of review, use the extensions of the PRISMA guide, available at

For observational studies in epidemiology, consult the STROBE guide (checklist).

For qualitative studies, use the COREQ guide (checklist).


Manuscripts must be presented in Microsoft Word files, A4 size, using 1.5 cm spacing, with margins of 2.5 cm (1") on each side, font size 12, Times New Roman, and paragraphs aligned at 1 cm. Bold, underline, capital letters, and Microsoft Word bullets are not allowed. To highlight terms in the text, use italics.

Structure: The text must contain the following structure: Title, Abstract, Descriptors in Portuguese (Descritores), Descriptors in English, Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussion, Study limitations, Contributions to practice, Conclusion, and References. Research manuscripts must contain up to 5,000 words and up to 30 references. Review papers must not exceed 5,000 words and 50 references. References will not be considered in the word count.

Title Page

Manuscript title: The title must be synthetic and objective, presented only in the language of the submission, in bold, with a maximum of 16 words, in lower case, using capital letters only for the initial letter of the first word and proper names, centered, with a font size 12 and Times New Roman. Avoid using the geographic location of the research, acronyms, and abbreviations in the title.

Authors: The indication of the authors' names must be presented just below the title of the manuscript, limited to seven except for multicentric studies, and followed by the text, with a font size 12, capital initials, separated by commas, with superscript numbers.

E.g.: Ana Fátima Carvalho Fernandes1, Viviane Martins da Silva2

Inform the ORCID registration number of all authors on the Title Page and in the system.

Authors' notes: Indicate the institution's name to which each author is affiliated, followed by city, state, and country. Then, inform the name and full address with the zip code of the corresponding author.

Authors' affiliations and e-mails must be inserted in the submission metadata.

E.g.: 1Federal University of Ceará. Fortaleza, CE, Brazil.

Corresponding author: Author

Full address: insert zip code and e-mail

Manuscripts extracted from a dissertation or thesis must be indicated by an asterisk in a footnote, followed by the title of the dissertation or thesis, year of graduation, and institution that awarded the degree.

Acknowledgments: Optional item. It must be used to inform institutions or collaborators who do not qualify for authorship. In the case of financial support from an institution, inform the grant number.

Authors' contribution: Mandatory item. Authors must inform the contribution of all co-authors considering the following aspects: 1. Conception and design or analysis and interpretation of data; 2. Writing the manuscript or relevant critical review of the intellectual content; 3. Final approval of the version to be published; 4. Responsibility for all aspects of the text in guaranteeing the accuracy and integrity of any part of the manuscript. These four conditions must be fully met.

Main Document

The main document must contain the title, the abstract with descriptors, and the body of the manuscript (the manuscript file can not contain any identification of the authors).

Manuscript title: The title must be synthetic and objective, presented only in the language of the submission, in bold, with a maximum of 16 words, in lower case, using capital letters only for the initial letter of the first word and proper names, centered, with a font size 12 and Times New Roman. Avoid using the geographic location of the research, acronyms, and abbreviations in the title.

Abstract: The abstract must be structured, without acronyms, written only in the language of the submission, with a maximum of 200 words. The following structure must be used: Objective, Methods (without study period and location), Results, Conclusion, and Contributions to practice, providing a clear and concise view of the content. It must be written in 1.5 cm spacing and with font size 12 Times New Roman. Clinical Trials must be presented along with the clinical trial registration number at the end of the abstract. The number of this record will not be counted in the number of words in the abstract.

Descriptors: Must be presented in Portuguese and English, separated by semicolons and capitalized, except for prepositions. Three to five descriptors must be included and selected from the list of Health Sciences Descriptors (DeCS/LILACS/BIREME) available at or Medical Subject Headings (MESH) available at The following nomenclature must be used: Descritores and Descriptors, font size 12, in bold.

Text: The acronyms and abbreviations must be preceded by the full name when cited for the first time in the text. However, we suggest that acronyms be avoided in the text. Prioritize their description, except for those internationally recognized. Symbols must also be described. Footnotes must not be used.

Introduction: Present the theoretical foundation on the object of study. State, with the appropriate justifications and explanations, the originality and validity, purpose and applicability of the contribution to the intended knowledge. Use updated references (published in the last three years) with national and international coverage. The objective must be mentioned in the last paragraph of the Introduction.

Methods: Describe how the research was carried out, the logic of the author's reasoning in ordering the procedures, and the techniques applied to obtain the results. The statistical method and the mathematical criterion of data significance must also be stated. Structure the Methods section as follows (without sub-items): research design, population (stating the selection criteria), sample size calculation, measurement instrument (with information on validity and accuracy), data collection (last five years), and data analysis. In research involving human beings, provide the number of the approval protocol issued by a Research Ethics Committee and the Certificate of Presentation for Ethical Appreciation (CAAE) and inform that the research was conducted under the required ethical standards.

Results: Describe what was found in the research without citations, comments, or personal (subjective) interpretations. Do not repeat information already described in the tables and figures. Note: All manuscripts must present the results separate from the discussion.

Discussion: Present the author's critical appraisal, the new and important aspects of the study, and explain the meaning of the results obtained, relating them to those from other studies. The language has to follow a critical style, and the verbs must be written in the past tense. The essence of the Discussion is the interpretation of results found and their relationship with existing knowledge to reach a conclusion.

Study limitations: Explain the study's limitations related to the chosen method or the study's representativeness/sample size, among others.

Contributions to practice: Describe the implications of the results found for the advancement of scientific knowledge in the fields of ​​healthcare and nursing.

Conclusion: Write the conclusion in a clear, simple, and direct manner, demonstrating the fulfillment of the proposed objective. In the case of more than one objective, there must be a conclusion for each objective. No other comments should be included in the Conclusion. This section must not have citations.

Elements of the main document

Depositions: In qualitative studies, the statements by deponents must be presented in italics, without square brackets or quotation marks, with a period after the identification of the deponent, in Times New Roman font size 10, and following the paragraph. Do not use italics to identify the deponent, which is mandatory, and use parentheses.

Tables and figures: The number of tables and figures is limited to five altogether. Tables must have a concise title located above their content, numbered consecutively with Arabic numerals, in the order in which they are cited in the text, not using vertical or horizontal internal lines or shading. Internal lines must be used only under and above the header and in the bottom part. Explanatory notes must be put in the tables' footnotes, not in the title. Format tables using Microsoft Word and use font size 12, Times New Roman, and 1.5 cm spacing. Include right after the title: The "n" of study participants, city, state, country, and year. Avoid tables that occupy more than one page.

Figures: Visuals include charts, graphs, drawings, flowcharts, and photographs. They must be numbered consecutively with Arabic numerals in the order in which they are cited in the text. The content of the graphs must not be the same as the tables. Figure legends, symbols, numbers, and other signs need to be identified and described as to their meaning in a footnote. If authors choose to use previously published illustrations, they must send written permission for their reproduction or inform the source in a footnote. Figures must be in high resolution, with a minimum of 900 DPI (dots per inch), and must be editable. The title must be presented below the figure.

Footnotes of tables and figures should be indicated by the sequential symbols *, †, ‡, §, || and ¶, which must be presented both inside the figure and in the footnote. Avoid using footnotes in the text.

References: In the text, citations must be numbered consecutively in superscript, Arabic numerals, in parentheses, without mentioning the authors' name, and without a space between the last word that precedes it. For example: Coronavirus(1). Sequential citations must be separated by a hyphen (E.g., 1-6); when interleaved, use a comma (E.g., 2,6,10). Citations of "ipsis literes" references must be presented in quotation marks, without italics, in Times New Roman font size 12 and following the text.

Observation: Updated citations must be prioritized (productions published in the last five years considering the time of manuscript submission). Authors must follow the proportionality of at least 80% of references from journals indexed in international databases.

Avoid citations from theses, dissertations, term papers, books and chapters, newspapers or non-scientific magazines, and other sources (handouts, conference proceedings, etc.). Studies from scientific journals indexed in national and international databases consulted in full by the author and have a direct, relevant relationship with the subject addressed should be cited.

Citations at the end of the text: Use the Vancouver style. The titles of journals must be abbreviated according to the style used in the List of Journals Indexed for MEDLINE. For journals not on this list, use the abbreviations from the National Collective Catalog of Serial Publications of the IBICT and the Portal of Health Sciences Scientific Journals of the VHL.

Authors: Cite up to six authors, separated by a comma, entering the surname, with only the initial capital letter, followed by the initials of first names and other surnames, without a period or any other connecting element between them. E.g., Silva VM. For references with more than six authors, please list the first six followed by et al., separating them with a comma. Pages: Suppress repeating tens or hundreds. E.g., use 43-8 and not 43-48.

References to manuscripts published in Latin American journals with an English version must be cited in English. Enter the DOI (Digital Object Identifier) ​​or the access link of all references cited in the manuscript.