Students' perceptions of the nurse's work in the family health strategy




Nursing; Primary Care Nursing; Students, Nursing; Primary Health Care; Family Health Strategy.


Objective: to understand the perceptions of nursing students about the work of nurses in the Family Health Strategy. Methods: qualitative research developed with 19 students from different periods of the undergraduate nursing course. Semi-structured interviews were carried out, proceeding, after being organized, to thematic analysis and confrontation with some concepts of Institutional Analysis. Results: the data analysis gave rise to three themes: 1) Students’ perceptions of the nurse’s work process, 2) The bond in the nurse’s work and 3) Structural and relational limits of the nurse’s work. Conclusion: the nurse’s work in the Family Health Strategy is something in constant institutionalization process, requiring a range of theoretical and scientific knowledge and skills that are expressed through autonomy and bond with users. However, it faces some crossings such as the scarcity of infrastructure, human and material resources and the difficulty in teamwork.


Ministério da Saúde (BR). Portaria Nº 2.436, de 21 de setembro de 2017. Aprova a Política Nacional de Atenção Básica, estabelecendo a revisão de diretrizes para a organização da Atenção Básica, no âmbito do Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS). Brasília: Ministério da Saúde; 2017.

Costa DAS, Silva RF, Lima VV, Ribeiro ECO. National curriculum guidelines for health professions 2001-2004: an analysis according to curriculum development theories. Interface Com Saúde Educ. 2018; 22(67):1183-95. doi:

Cassiani SHB, Silva FAM. Expanding the role of nurses in primary health care: the case of Brazil. Rev Latino-Am Enfermagem. 2019; 27:e3245. doi:

Lima RS, Silva MAI, Andrade LS, Góes FSN, Mello MA, Gonçalves MFC. Construction of professional identity in nursing students: qualitative research from the historical-cultural perspective. Rev Latino-Am Enfermagem. 2020; 28:e3284. doi:

Ramos AC, Barlem JGT, Lunardi VL, Barlem ELD, Silveira RS, Bordignon SS. Satisfaction with acade- mic experience among undergratuate nursing students. Texto Contexto Enferm. 2015; 24(1):187-95. doi:

Mackey S, Kwok G, Anderson J, Hatcher D, Laver S, Dickson G, et al. Australian student nurse’s knowledge of and attitudes toward primary health care: a cross-sectional study. Nurse Educ Today. 2017; 60:127-32. doi:

Bloomfield JG, Aggar C, Thomas THT, Gordon CJ. Factors associated with final year nursing students’ desire to work in the primary health care settings: findings from a national cross-sectional survey. Nurse Educ Today. 2017; 61:9-14. doi:

Escobar D, Covarrubias E. Academic and labor expectations for nursing students. Rev Cienc Cuidad. 2019; 16(2):59-71. doi:

Borges FA, Rézio LA, L’Abbate S. Fortuna CM. The entry in the field and the cration of device in socioclinical research. Psicol Estud. 2018; 23:e40373. doi:

Vinuto J. Snowball sampling in qualitative research: an open debate. Temáticas. 2015; 22(44):203-20. doi:áticas.v22i44.10977

Souza LK. Research with qualitative data analysis: getting to know thematic analysis. Arq Bras Psicol. 2019; 71(2):51-67. doi:

Thumé E, Fehn AC, Acioli S, Fassa MEG. Training and practice of nurses for Primary Health Care – advances, challenges, and strategies to strengthen the Unified Health System. Saúde Debate. 2018; 42(esp1):275-88. doi:

Lima VV. Construtivist spiral: an active learning methodology. Interface Com Saúde Educ. 2017; 21(61):421-34. doi:

Fortuna CM, Silva SS, Mesquisa LP, Matumoto S, Oliveira PS, Santana FR. The institutional socio-clinics as a theoretical and mythological framework for nursing and health research. Texto Contexto Enferm. 2017; 26(4):e2950017. doi:

Dall’Ora C, Ball J, Reinius M, Griffiths P. Burnout in nursing: a theorical review. Hum Resources Health. 2020; 18(41). doi:

Reeves S. Ideas for the development of the interprofessional education and practice field: an update. J Interprof Care [Internet]. 2016 [cited Oct 28, 2020];30(4):405-7. Available from:

Reeves S, Xyrichis A, Zwarenstein M. Teamwork, collaboration, coordination, and networking: why we need to distinguish between different types of interprofessional practice. J Interprof Care [Internet]. 2018 [cited Dec 02, 2020];32(1):1-3. Available from:

Soratto J, Pires DEP, Scherer MDA, Witt RR, Ceretta LB, Farias JM. Family health strategy professional satisfaction in Brazil: a qualitative study. Texto Contexto Enferm. 2020; 29:e20180104. doi:

Tavares CM, Mesquita LM. Systematization of nursing and clinical assistance expanded: challenges for mental health education. Enferm Foco [Internet]. 2019 [cited Oct 28, 2020]; 10(7):121-6. Available from:

Calma KRB, Halcomb E, Stephens M. The impact of curriculum on nursing students’attitudes, perceptions and preparedness to work in primary health care: an integrative review. Nurse Educ Pract. 2019; 39:1-10. doi:



How to Cite

Carloni, P. R., Borges, F. A., Stofel, N. S., Ogata, M. N., Rézio, L. de A., & Paiva, A. T. de. (2021). Students’ perceptions of the nurse’s work in the family health strategy. Rev Rene, 22, e61209.



Research Article

Most read articles by the same author(s)