Related factors for health behaviors among young students during the pandemic of COVID-19




Health Behavior; Healthy Lifestyle; Young Adult; Student Health; COVID-19.


Objective: to analyze factors related to health behaviors among young students during the pandemic of COVID-19. Methods: cross-sectional study conducted with 282 students aged 18 to 24 years from the Federal Network of Vocational and Technological Education. An electronic form and the Adolescent Health Promotion Scale (Brazilian version) instrument were applied for statistical analysis and multiple linear regressions were used. Results: the overall mean of the scale was 3.29 (Standard deviation (SD)=0.56); the subscales ranged from 2.40 (SD=1.0) physical exercise to 3.76 (SD=0.80) valuing life. We identified that the subscale physical exercise and some items of the subscales social support and responsibility for health presented scores below the mean. Conclusion: according to the theoretical model tested, students in technical courses showed a statistically significant negative relationship in the scores of the general health promotion scale. The subscales of social support, responsibility for health and physical exercise showed statistically significant relationships in relation to the variables gender, age group, family income, level of education and health problem. Contributions to practice: nurses should know the factors related to health behaviors among young students to expand and guide actions, contributing to the improvement of student assistance and care for young people.


Oliveira WA, Silva JL, Andrade ALM, Micheili D, Carlos DM, Silva MAI. Adolescents’ health in times of COVID-19: a scoping review. Cad Saúde Pública. 2020;36(8):e00150020. doi:

The Lancet. COVID-19: the intersection of education and health [editorial]. Lancet. 2021;397(10271):253. doi:

Viner RM, Russell SJ, Croker H, Packer J, Ward J, Stansfield C, et al. School closure and management practices during coronavirus outbreaks including COVID-19: a rapid systematic review. Lancet Child Adolesc Health. 2020;4(5):397-404. doi:

Florêncio Júnior PG, Paiano R, Costa AS. Isolamento social: consequências físicas e mentais da inatividade física em crianças e adolescentes. Rev Bras Ativ Fis Saúde. 2020;25:e0115. doi:

Busse H, Buck C, Stock C, Zeeb H, Pischke CR, Fialho PMM, et al. Engagement in health risk behaviours before and during the COVID-19 pandemic in German university students: results of a cross-sectional study. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2021;18(4):1410. doi:

Maia BR, Dias PC. Ansiedade, depressão e estresse em estudantes universitários: o impacto da COVID-19. Estud Psicol. 2020;37:e200067. doi:

MacArthur G, Caldwell DM, Redmore J, Watkins SH, Kipping R, White J, et al. Individual-, family-, and school-level interventions targetingmultiple risk behaviours in young people. Cochrane Database Sys Rev. 2018;10(10):CD009927. doi:

Murdaugh CL, Parsons MA, Pender NJ. Health promotion in nursing practice. New York: Pearson; 2019.

Bakouei F, Seyedi-Andi SJ, Bakhtiari A, Khafri S. Health promotion behaviors and its predictors among the college students in Iran. Int Q Community Health Educ. 2018;38(4):251-8. doi:

Kim MY, Kim YJ. What Causes health promotion behaviors in college students? Open Nurs J. 2018;12:106-15. doi:

Liu B, Tian L, Yang S, Wang X, Luo J. Effects of multidimensional self-esteems on health promotion behaviors in adolescents. Front Public Health. 2022;10:847740. doi:

Bektas I, Kudubeş AA, Ayar D, Bektas M. Predicting the healthy lifestyle behaviors of Turkish adolescents based on their health literacy and self-efficacy levels. J Pediatr Nurs. 2021;59:e20-e25.

Instituto Federal do Ceará. Pró-Reitoria de Ensino. Plano Estratégico para Permanência e Êxito dos Estudantes do IFCE [Internet]. 2017 [cited Sep 17, 2022]. Available from:

Instituto Federal do Ceará. Q-acadêmico Web [Internet]. 2020 [cited Sep 17, 2022] Available from:

Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística. Brasil/Ceará – Panorama [Internet]. 2020 [cited Sep 17, 2022]. Available from:

Governo do Estado do Ceará. Secretaria da Saúde. Boletim Epidemiológico Nº 57 de 24/12/2020 – Doença pelo novo Coronavírus (COVID-19) [Internet]. 2020 [cited Sep 17, 2022]. Available from:

Guedes DP, Zuppa MA. Psychometric properties of the Brazilian version of the Adolescent Health Promotion Scale (AHPS). Ciênc Saúde Coletiva. 2020;25(6):2357-68. doi:

World Health Organization. Young people´s health – a challenge for society. Report of a WHO study group on young people and health for all. Technical Report Series 731. Geneva: WHO; 1986.

Çetinkaya S, Sert H. Healthy lifestyle behaviors of university students and related factors. Acta Paul Enferm. 2021;34:eAPE02942. doi:

Lorenzet D, Andreolla F, Paludo C. Professional and Technological Education (PTE) the challenges of the relationship work - education. Trab Educ. 2020;29(2):15-28. doi:

Brito LMS, Lima VA, Mascarenhas LP, Mota J, Leite N. Physical activity, eating habits and sleep during social isolation: from young adult to elderly. Rev Bras Med Esporte. 2021;27(1):21-5. doi:

Shima T, Nakao H, Tai K, Shimofure T, Jesmin S, Arai Y, et al. The influences of changes in physical activity levels with easing restriction of access to the university campus on empathy and social supports in college students during the COVID-19 pandemic. Asia Pac J Public Health. 2022;34(4):406-10. doi:

Sousa AR, Teixeira JRB, Palma EMS, Moreira WC, Santos MB, Carvalho HEF, et al. Psychological distress in men during the COVID-19 pandemic in Brazil: the role of the sociodemographic variables, uncertainty, and social support. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2022;19(1):350. doi:

Długosz P, Liszka D, Yuzva L. The link between subjective religiosity, social support, and mental health among young students in Eastern Europe during the COVID-19 pandemic: a cross-sectional study of Poland and Ukraine. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 202226;19(11):6446. doi:

Gadagnoto TC, Mendes LMC, Monteiro JCS, Gomes-Sponholz FA, Barbosa NG. Emotional consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic in adolescents: challenges to public health. Rev Esc Enferm USP. 2022;56:e20210424. doi:

Cassiani SHB, Dias BM. Expansion of nurses’ roles, in the context of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic, in primary and secondary schools. Rev Bras Enferm. 2021;74(Suppl6):e74suppl602. doi:



How to Cite

Muniz, E. A., Queiroz, M. V. O., Barbosa, I. M., Maciel, G. P., & Barbosa Filho, V. C. (2022). Related factors for health behaviors among young students during the pandemic of COVID-19. Rev Rene, 23, e81561.



Research Article

Most read articles by the same author(s)

<< < 1 2 3