Spatial distribution of the chemical properties of the soil and of soybean yield in the field


  • Alexandre Gazolla-Neto Universidade Federal de Pelotas
  • Marciabela Correa Universidade Federal de Pelotas
  • Rafael Vergara Universidade Federal de Pelotas
  • Gizele Gadotti Universidade Federal de Pelotas
  • Francisco Villela Universidade Federal de Pelotas


Precision farming, Soil fertility, Spatial distribution, Seed yield


The aim of this study was to evaluate the spatial dependence between chemical properties of the soil and yield components in the soybean using precision farming techniques. Samples of the soil and plants were taken from georeferenced points to determine the chemical properties of the soil and the yield components. The results were submitted to Pearson correlation analysis, descriptive statistics and geostatistics. The coefficient of variation showed a wide range of distribution for the chemical attributes of the soil, with the highest indices being found for the levels of available phosphorus (102%) and potassium (72.65%). Soil pH and organic matter showed a coefficient of variation of 5.96 and 15.93% respectively. Semivariogram analysis of the yield components (productivity, 1,000-seed weight and number of seeds) and the chemical properties of the soil (organic matter, pH, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, magnesium, boron, manganese and zinc) fitted the spherical model with moderate spatial dependence, with values ranging from 200 to 700 m. Spatial distribution by means of map interpolation was efficient in evaluating spatial variability, allowing the identification and quantification of regions of low and high productivity in the production area, together with the distribution of soil attributes and their respective levels of availability to the soybean plants.