Critical levels and sufficiency ranges for leaf nutrient diagnosis in cowpea grown in the Northeast region of Brazil


  • Arlindo Garcia da Silva (85) 999574783


Vigna unguiculata. Leaf content. Plant nutrition.


Proposing sufficiency ranges and critical levels is an important technique for correct evaluation of leaf nutrient
diagnosis. In this study, the objective was to propose critical levels and sufficiency ranges of macro- and micronutrients for
the diagnostic leaf of cowpea, collected at flowering, with the results of macro- and micronutrients and productivity in the
Northeast of Brazil. The critical level was calculated by the reduced normal distribution and by the boundary line method,
which was also used to generate sufficiency ranges. For the critical level by reduced normal distribution, the relationship of
the nutrients with 90% of maximum productivity was adopted. For the boundary line, the relationship of the nutrients that are
in the upper line of a dispersion diagram was considered. The critical levels by reduced normal distribution for nitrogen (N),
phosphorus (P), potassium (K), calcium (Ca), magnesium (Mg), copper (Cu), iron (Fe), manganese (Mn) and zinc (Zn) are:
35.3 g kg-1, 1.8 g kg-1, 20.5 g kg-1, 11.1 g kg-1, 2.6 g kg-1, 3.2 mg kg-1, 105 mg kg-1, 89 mg kg-1and 22 mg kg-1, respectively.
However, the critical levels generated by the boundary line for N, P, K, Ca, Mg, Cu, Fe, Mn and Zn are 39.5 g kg-1, 2.3 g kg-1
21.2 g kg-1, 11.3 g kg-1, 2.9 g kg-1, 4.2mg kg-1, 142 mg kg-1, 143mg kg-1 and 24 mg kg-1, respectively. The sufficiency ranges by
the boundary line method, to achieve 95% of maximum productivity, are equivalent to 34.4-44.7g kg-1, 1.7-2.9 g kg-1,18.6-
23.6 g kg-1,8.8-13.7 g kg-1,2.3-3.5 g kg-1,3.1-5.4 mg kg-1,73-210 mg kg-1,104-181 mg kg-1 and 22-27 mg kg-1 for N, P, K,
Ca, Mg, Cu, Fe, Mn and Zn, respectively.

Biografia do Autor

Arlindo Garcia da Silva, (85) 999574783








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