Nitrogen utilization efficiency by naturally colored cotton cultivars in semi-arid region


  • Arlindo Garcia da Silva (85) 999574783


Gossypium hirsutum L.. Recovery efficiency. Dry matter accumulation.


Knowledge on nitrogen (N) utilization efficiency in colored cotton enables the correct management of N
fertilizers, optimizing yield and minimizing environmental degradation.The objective of this study was to evaluate the N
utilization efficiency and to determine the accumulation of dry matter and N by naturally colored cotton cultivars subjected
to N fertilization in the Brazilian semi-arid region.The experiment was carried out under field conditions, at the Farm of
the Federal Rural University of the Semi-Arid, in 2016 and 2017. The experimental design was in randomized blocks with
split plots and four replicates, randomizing five N doses (0; 50; 100; 150 and 200 kg ha-1) in the main plot and four colored
cotton cultivars (BRS Safira, BRS Rubi, BRS Topázio and BRS Verde) in the subplots. Dry matter and N accumulations,
agronomic, recovery, agrophysiological and physiological efficiencies in N utilization, and harvest index were evaluated.
Cotton accumulates around 130 kg ha-1 of N along its cycle and directs 56.3% to seeds, 29% to leaves, 10.6% to stem and
3.8% to fibers. Nitrogen agronomic efficiency and recovery efficiency decrease with increased N doses. The cultivar BRS
Topázio is the most responsive to N fertilization and the cultivar BRS Verde is the least responsive.

Biografia do Autor

Arlindo Garcia da Silva, (85) 999574783