Method for evaluating rhizoctonia resistance in melon germplasm


  • Arlindo Garcia da Silva (85) 999574783


Cucumis melo. Rhizoctonia solani. Genetic resistance. Damping off.


The intensive cultivation of melon, mainly in the Northeast of Brazil, has favored the occurrence of root diseases
such as rhizoctonia, caused by the fungus Rhizoctonia solani Kuhn. The use of resistant cultivars is one of the most efficient
strategic measures for integrated management of diseases in this crop. It is necessary to use an efficient inoculation method
to evaluate rhizoctonia in melon germplasm with the aim of identifying sources of resistance. The objective of this study was
to develop an efficient method to inoculate the pathogen to proceed in selection of R. solani resistant melon germplasm. Five
experiments were conducted under greenhouse conditions to define the adequate container, growth environment, substrate for
inoculum production, aggressiveness of the isolates, inoculum density, manner of inoculation, phenological stage of the plant,
and time for evaluation after inoculation. The results obtained showed that for selection of R. solani resistant melon germplasm,
the use of seedlings with roots cut during transplanting to pots is recommended. The pots should contain sand with organic
inoculum obtained from rice grains at the concentration of 150 of soil, associated with inoculation through a puncture in
the plant stem by an infested toothpick, without the need for a moist chamber. The most aggressive isolate was CMM-1068.

Biografia do Autor

Arlindo Garcia da Silva, (85) 999574783