Does telephone intervention affect adherence to antiretroviral therapy in women with human immunodeficiency virus

Samyla Citó Pedrosa, Ivana Cristina Vieira de Lima, Bárbara de Abreu Vasconcelos, Gilmara Holanda da Cunha, Maria Lúcia Duarte Pereira, Marli Teresinha Gimeniz Galvão


Objective: to evaluate the impact of a telephone intervention on the adherence to antiretroviral therapy in women with human immunodeficiency virus. Methods: quasi experimental study, before and after, conducted ina specialized service with 19 women who live with the human immunodeficiency virus. The study was developedin four phases: recruitment; assessment of adherence to antiretroviral treatment, telephone intervention and reassessment of adherence. During three months of follow-up, eight calls were made to each participant, totaling 152 interventions. Results: there was a statistically significant improvement in the number of participants with adequate adherence (p=0.004) and in the mean of adherence scores (p=0.000) after the intervention. There was no significant impact on the immune status. Conclusion: telephone interventions aimed at women with human immunodeficiency virus developed during three months proved to be effective for improving adherenceto treatment.


HIV; Clinical Trial; Medication Adherence; Telephone; Nursing.

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