Nursing interventions and outcomes for pressure ulcer risk in critically ill patients

Luana Nunes Caldini, Renan Alves Silva, Geórgia Alcântara Alencar Melo, Francisco Gilberto Fernandes Pereira, Natasha Marques Frota, Joselany Áfio Caetano


Objective: to establish relationships between nursing interventions and outcomes for the diagnosis Pressure ulcer risk in critically ill patients. Methods: longitudinal study of 63 patients in an intensive care unit. An instrument with clinical data of patients and the Braden Scale were used. The cross-mapping technique was used to establish the nursing interventions and outcomes for each risk factor. Results: four intervention/outcome relationships were found for sensory perception; 11 for moisture; five for activity; six for nutrition; four for mobility; and three for friction/shear. Conclusion: thirty-three relationships related to the observed risk factors were found, with higher frequency of moisture. The relationships found with moisture were: urinary elimination, response to medication, wound healing: secondary intention, self-care: bathing, fluid, electrolyte and acid-base balance, intestinal continence and tissue integrity: skin and mucous membranes.


Nursing Process; Nursing Care; Pressure Ulcer; Risk Factors; Intensive Care Units; Critical Care.

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