Knowledge about preventive measures for the development of diabetic foot

Keywords: Diabetic Foot; Diabetes Mellitus; Primary Prevention; Knowledge.

Abstract

Objective: to analyze the knowledge of people with diabetes mellitus about preventive measures for the development of diabetic foot. Methods: cross-sectional study, carried out with 171 diabetic people treated in the Family Health Strategy. A form was applied to obtain sociodemographic and clinical variables and a scale to assess the level of knowledge. For analysis, descriptive and inferential statistics were used. Results: 65.5% had little knowledge. The question with the highest rate of correct answers was the non-use of a hot water bag on the feet (92.3%), however, the question with the highest rate of errors was: use open shoes at home and to go out, (66.8 %). The score of the instrument’s total score was influenced by gender (p≤0.001). Conclusion: the participants had a low level of knowledge about preventive measures and were unaware of important self-care habits, such as using appropriate footwear and not hydrating between the toes.

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Published
2020-03-18
Section
Research Article