Female body image and prevention of sexually transmitted infections





Body Image; Knowledge; Adolescent; HIV; Sexually Transmitted Diseases.


Objective: to identify the association between the perception of body image and the adoption of preventive measures for sexually transmitted infections by female adolescents. Methods: descriptive research, with a sequential quantitative-qualitative mixed method, in three full-time schools located in socially vulnerable neighborhoods. Results: 147 female adolescents participated, with a mean age of 14. Body image dissatisfaction by the Silhouettes Scale and the Adolescent Dissatisfaction Rating Scale predominated. There was a lack of knowledge about the female condom and the correct handling of the male condom to prevent sexually transmitted infections. Conclusion: there was no significant association among the variables: body image perception, knowledge of preventive measures, and sexual behavior; however, it was evidenced a tendency of the adolescents dissatisfied with their body image perception to expose themselves to sexual conduct with more than one partner at the same time. Furthermore, the adolescents' body image dissatisfaction influenced their knowledge about the female condom, and HIV. Contributions to practice: the actions of health promotion and education for adolescent girls should consider factors that raise the perception of positive body image, from strategies that reinforce self-esteem and safe sexual conduct.


Carvalho GX, Nunes APN, Moraes CL, Veiga GV. Body image dissatisfaction and associated factors in adolescents. Ciênc Saúde Coletiva. 2020;25(7):2769-82. doi: https://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1413-81232020257.27452018

Rousseau A, Eggermont S. Media ideals and early adolescents’ body image: selective avoidance or selective exposure? Body Image. 2018;26:50-9. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2018.06.001

Claumann GS, Pinto AA, Silva DAS, Pelegrini A. Prevalence of suicidal thoughts and behaviors and its association with body dissatisfaction in adolescents. J Bras Psiquiatr. 2018;67(1):3-9. doi: https://doi.org/10.1590/0047-2085000000177

Sehnem GD, Pedro ENR, Ressel LB, Vasquez MED. Adolescents living with HIV/AIDS: sexuality experiences. Rev Gaúcha Enferm. 2018;39:e2017-0194. doi: https://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1983-1447.2018.2017-0194

Genz N, Meincke SMK, Carret MLV, Corrêa ACL, Alvez CN. Sexually transmitted diseases: knowledge and sexual behavior of adolescents. Texto Contexto Enferm. 2017;26(2):e5100015. doi: https://doi.org/10.1590/0104-07072017005100015

Sheehan P, Sweeny K, Rasmussen B, Wils A, Friedman HS, Mahon J, et al. Building the foundations for sustainable development: a case for global investment in the capabilities of adolescents. Lancet. 2017;390(10104):1792-806. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(17)30872-3

Andrade PSP, Barros KRS, Santos JP, Nascimento EF, Bacelar PAA. Knowledge of adolescents and young people on issues related to sex, in a public school in Monte Alegre do Piauí-PI. Gerais, Rev Interinst Psicol. 2021;14(2):1-23. doi: https://dx.doi.org/10.36298/gerais202114e16279

Reis AAC, Malta DC, Furtado LAC. Challenges for public policies aimed at adolescence and youth based on the National Scholar Health Survey (PeNSE). Ciênc Saúde Coletiva. 2018;23(9):2879-90. doi: https://doi.org/10.1590/1413-81232018239.14432018

Medeiros TFR, Santos SMP, Xavier AG, Gonçalves RL, Mariz SR, Sousa FLP. Women’s experience with contraception from the perspective of gender. Rev Gaúcha Enferm. 2016;37(2):e57350. doi: https://doi.org/10.1590/1983-1447.2016.02.57350

Schoonenboom J, Johnson RB. How to construct a mixed methods research design. Köln Z Soziol. 2017;69(Suppl 2):107-31. doi: https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11577-017-0454-1

Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (IBGE). Panorama Fortaleza [Internet]. 2021 [cited July 12, 2022]. Available from: https://cidades.ibge.gov.br/brasil/ce/fortaleza/panorama

Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (IBGE). Pesquisa nacional de saúde do escolar: 2015 [Internet]. 2016 [cited June 29, 2022]. Available from: https://biblioteca.ibge.gov.br/visualizacao/livros/liv97870.pdf

Borges ALV, Fujimori E, Kuschnir MCC, Chofakian CBN, Moraes AJP, Azevedo GD, et al. ERICA: sexual initiation and contraception in Brazilian adolescents. Rev Saúde Pública. 2016;50(suppl 1):15s. doi: https://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S01518-8787.2016050006686

Stunkard AJ, Sørensen T, Schulsinger F. Use of the Danish adoption register for the study of obesity and thinness. Res Publ Assoc Res Nerv Ment Dis [Internet]. 1983 [cited June 29, 2022];60:115-20. Available from: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/6823524/

Conti MA, Slater B, Latorre MRDO. Validity and reproducibility of Escala de Evaluación da Insatisfación Corporal para Adolescentes. Rev Saúde Pública. 2009;43(3):515-24. doi: https://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-89102009000300016

Schölmerich VLN, Kawachi I. Translating the social-ecological perspective into multilevel interventions for family planning: how far are we?. Health Educ Behav. 2016;43(3):246-55. doi: https://doi.org/10.1177/1090198116629442

Bekele D, Deksisa A, Abera W, Megersa G. Parental communication on sexual and reproductive health issues to their adolescents and affecting factors at Asella town, Ethiopia: a community-based, cross-sectional study. Reprod Health [Internet]. 2022 [cited July 12, 2022];19(1):114. doi: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12978-022-01408-8

Afriyie J, Essilfie ME. Association between risky sexual behaviour and HIV risk perception among in-school adolescents in a municipality in Ghana. Ghana Med J. 2019;53(1):29-36. doi: https://doi.org/10.4314/gmj.v53i1.5

Castro MC, Massuda A, Almeida G, Menezes-Filho NA, Andrade MV, Noronha KVMS, et al. Brazil’s unified health system: the first 30 years and prospects for the future. Lancet. 2019;394(10195):345-56. doi: https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(19)31243-7

Cecon RS, Franceschini SDCC, Peluzio MDCG, Hermsdorff HHM, Priore SE. Overweight and body image perception in adolescents with triage of eating disorders. Sci World J. 2017;2017(8257329). doi: https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/8257329

Corona R, Pope M, Shaffer C, Hood K, Velazquez E, Barinas J. A qualitative examination of the relationship between body image and sexual behavior: perceptions from Latina and African American adolescent girls and their maternal caregivers. J Child Fam Stud. 2018;27:3606-17. doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-018-1184-3

Aventin A, Gordon S, Laurenzi C, Rabie S, Tomlinson M, Lohan M, et al. Adolescent condom use in Southern Africa: narrative systematic review and conceptual model of multilevel barriers and faci- litators. BMC Public Health. 2021;21(1):1228. doi: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-021-11306-6



How to Cite

Araújo, T. S. de, Aragão, J. M. N., Barbosa Filho, V. C., Gubert, F. do A., Moura, J. R. A., Vieira, L. J. E. de S., & Vieira, N. F. C. (2022). Female body image and prevention of sexually transmitted infections. Rev Rene, 23, e81157. https://doi.org/10.15253/2175-6783.20222381157



Research Article

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 3 4 5 > >>