Pattern of alcohol consumption among motorcycle taxi drivers

Keywords: Motorcycles; Accidents, Traffic; Substance-Related Disorders; Alcoholism; Occupational Health.

Abstract

Objective: to identify the factors associated with the pattern of alcohol consumption among motorcycle taxi drivers. Methods: cross-sectional study, carried out with 68 motorcycle taxi professionals. A socio-demographic questionnaire, work-related aspects, traffic accidents and the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification were used, for the pattern of alcohol use. The Chi-square and Fisher’s exact association tests were used for data analysis and logistic regression. Results: it was found that 48.5% consumed alcoholic beverages, 75.0% had low risk consumption, 16.2% risk, 7.4% harmful use and 1.5% possible dependence. The variables that obtained significance were naturalness, use of alcoholic beverages and quantity of drinks drunk in the day. Conclusion: there was a trend between naturalness and risky consumption. In addition, using alcoholic beverages monthly and the amount of doses greater than five doses, on the same day, increased 20 times and 10.0% more the chance of triggering problematic alcohol consumption.

References

World Health Organization. Global report on alcohol [Internet]. 2018 [cited Mar. 17, 2020]. Available from: https://apps.who.int/iris/rest/bitstreams/1151838/retrieve

Babor TF, Higgins-Biddle JC, Saunders JB, Monteiro M G. AUDIT, the alcohol use disorders identification test: guidelines for use in primary health care. Genebra: WHO; 2001.

Missias-Moreira R, Sousa LMM, Valentim O, Seabra P, Frade F, Sousa C. Relação entre qualidade de vida e consumo de álcool em adolescentes. Supl Dig Rev Rol Enfermería [Internet]. 2020 [cited Mar 12, 2020];43(1):420-6. Available from: https://dspace.uevora.pt/rdpc/handle/10174/27440

Branco FMFC, Farias FLS, Dutok CMS, Branco Neto TC, Vargas D, Barros TMMDA. Padrão do consumo de álcool entre trabalhadores de uma universidade pública brasileira. Rev Enferm Ref. 2019; 4(22):85-96. doi: https://doi.org/10.12707/RIV19026

Lopes APT, Ganassin GS, Marcon SS, Decesaro MN. Abuso de bebida alcoólica e sua relação no contexto familiar. Estud Psicol. 2015; 20(1):22-30. doi: https://doi.org/10.5935/1678-4669.20150004

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC). World drug report. New York: UNODC; 2016.

Laranjeira R, Pinsky I, Sanches M, Zaleski M, Caetano R. Alcohol use patterns among Brazilian adults. Rev Bras Psiquiatr. 2010; 32(3):231-41. doi: https://doi.org/10.1590/S1516-44462009005000012

Santanna MA, Almeida SP, Souza EN, Silva CJ, Rodrigues JW. Perfil das vítimas de acidente motociclístico socorridas pelo Serviço de Atendimento Móvel de Urgência - SAMU, no município de Paulo Afonso – Bahia. Rev Saúde Desenv [Internet]. 2019 [cited Mar 12, 2020];13(16):133-47. Available from: https://www.uninter.com/revistasaude/index.php/saudeDesenvolvimento/article/view/931/608

Teixeira JRB, Mussi FC, Araujo TM, Boery EM, Casotti CA, Pereira R, et al. Factors associated with the work capacity of motorcycle taxi drivers. Ciênc Saúde Coletiva. 2019; 24(10):3957-67. doi: https://doi.org/10.1590/1413-812320182410.24702017

Paula GF, Camargo FC, Iwamoto HH. Condições de saúde e trabalho e exposição a acidentes e violência no trânsito entre mototaxistas. Rev Enferm Atenç Saúde. 2015 [cited Feb 15, 2020];4(2):79-92. Available from: http://seer.uftm.edu.br/revistaeletronica/index.php/enfer/article/view/1181

Abreu DRO, Souza EM, Mathias TAF. Impact of the Brazilian traffic code and the law against drinking and driving on mortality from motor vehicle accidents. Cad Saúde Pública. 2018; 34(8):e00122117. doi: https://doi.org/10.1590/0102-311x00122117

Santos JW, Cêlho VMS, Santos GB, Ceballos AG. Work overload and risk behaviors in motorcyclists. Rev Bras Enferm. 2019; 72(6):1479-84. doi: https://doi.org/10.1590/0034-7167-2018-0279

Pinheiro PC, Queiroz BL. Spatial analysis of motorcycle-related mortalities in Brazilian municipalities. Ciênc Saúde Coletiva. 2020; 25(2):683-92. doi: https://doi.org/10.1590/1413-81232020252.14472018

Rios PAA, Ferreira LN, Cardoso JP, Ribeiro VM, Souza BS. Factors associated with traffic accidents among drivers: findings from a population-based study. Ciênc Saúde Coletiva. 2020; 25(3):943-55. doi: https://doi.org/10.1590/1413-81232020253.11922018

Rios PAA, Mota ELA, Ferreira LN, Cardoso JP, Santos GJ, Rodrigues TB. Traffic accidents among drivers: incidence and differences between motorcyclists and car drivers in population-based study. Rev Bras Epidemiol. 2019; 22:E190054. doi: https://doi.org/10.1590/1980-549720190054

Soares-Carneiro SCA, Vasconcelos BC, Silva GSMM, Barros-Caldas LC, Porto GG, Leal JF, Catunda I. Alcohol abusive use increases facial trauma? Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal. 2016; 21(5):e547-53. doi: https://doi.org/10.4317/medoral.21011

Damsere-Derry J, Gavan P, Mark K. Prevalence of alcohol among nonfatally injured road accident casualties in two level III trauma centers in northern Ghana. Traffic Inj Prev. 2018; 19(2):118-24. doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/15389588.2017.1369533

Published
2020-06-18
Section
Research Article