Environmental risks for falls of elderly attended by the Family Health Strategy team
Objective: to analyze the environmental risk for falls among the elderly living in the area covered by a Family Health Strategy team. Methods: cross-sectional research, using, as a data source, 80 forms of environmental risk evaluation of elderly falls. The collected data were transcribed and organized in a computerized spreadsheet, using the Microsoft Excel® program, and analyzed using descriptive statistics. Results: most elderly’s households were classified as low risk for falls (56.3%) and showed at least one environmental risk (94.0%), being the most frequently found in the bathroom (47.5%), in stairs (46.2%), and associated to light (41.2%). Conclusion: environmental risks were observed in different places of the households, highlighting the bathroom, stairs, and little light in the room, most of them being classified as a low environmental risk for falls.
Abreu DROM, Novaes EL, Oliveira RR, Mathias TAF, Marcon SS. Fall-related admission and mortality in older adults in Brazil: trend analysis. Ciênc Saúde Coletiva. 2018; 23(4):1131-41. doi: https://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1413-81232018234.09962016
Cruz DT, Duque RO, Leite ICG. Prevalence of fear of falling, in a sample of elderly adults in the community. Rev Bras Geriatr Gerontol. 2017; 20(3):309-18. doi: https://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1981-22562017020.160176
Nascimento JS, Tavares DMS. Prevalence and factors associated with falls in the elderly. Texto Contexto Enferm. 2016; 25(2):e0360015. doi: https://doi.org/10.1590/0104-07072016000360015
Morsch P, Myskiw M, Myskiw JC. Falls’ pro- blematization and risk factors identification through older adults’ narrative. Ciênc Saúde Coletiva. 2016; 21(11):3565-74. doi: https://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1413-812320152111.06782016
Cruvinel FG, Dias DMR, Godoy MM. Risk factors for falling elderly at home. Braz J Hea Rev. 2020; 3(1):477-90. doi: https://dx.doi.org/10.34119/bjhrv3n1-036
Nogueira IS, Silva GA, Baldissera VDA. Saberes e práticas dos profissionais da Atenção Primária à Saúde sobre prevenção de quedas em idosos. Rev Kairós Gerontol [Internet]. 2019 [cited Sep 15, 2020]; 22(4):339-59. Available from: https://revistas.pucsp.br/kairos/article/view/49983/32532
Chehuen Neto JA, Braga NAC, Brum IV, Gomes GF, Tavares PL, Silva RTC, et al. Awareness about falls and elderly people’s exposure to household risk factors. Ciênc Saúde Coletiva. 2018; 23(4):1097-104. doi: https://doi.org/10.1590/1413-81232018234.09252016
Miranda DP, Santos TD, Santo FHE, Chibante CLP, Barreto EA. Quedas em idosos em ambiente domiciliar: uma revisão integrativa. Rev Enferm Atual [Internet]. 2017 [cited Sep 15, 2020]; 120-9. Available from: https://www.revistaenfermagematual.com.br/index.php/revista/article/view/560/531
Cellard A. Análise documental. In: Poupart JRM, Deslauriers J-P, Groulx L-H, Laperrière A, Mayer R, Pires AP. A pesquisa qualitativa: enfoques epistemológicos e metodológicos. Rio de Janeiro: Vozes; 2012. p. 295-316.
Moraes EM, Moraes FL. Avaliação multidimensional do idoso. Belo Horizonte (MG): Folium; 2016.
Santos PHF, Stival MM, Lima LR, Santos WS, Volpe CRG, Rehem TCMS, et al. Nursing diagnosis risk for falls in the elderly in primary health care. Rev Bras Enferm, 2020; 73(3):e20180826. doi: https://doi.org/10.1590/0034-7167-2018-0826
Santos RKM, Maciel ACC, Britto HMJS, Lima JCC, Souza TO. Prevalence and factors associated with the risk of falls among the elderly registered in a primary healthcare unit of the city of Natal in the state of Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil. Ciênc Saúde Coletiva. 2015; 20(12):3753-62. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1413-812320152012.00662015
Abreu DROM, Azevedo RCS, Silva AMC, Reiners AAO, Abreu HCA. Factors associated with recurrent falls in a cohort of older adults. Ciênc Saúde Coletiva. 2016; 21(11):3439-46. doi: https://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1413-812320152111.21512015
Alves AHC, Patrício ACFA, Fernandes KA, Duarte MCS, Santos JS, Oliveira MS. Occurrence of falls among elderly institutionalized: prevalence, causes and consequences. J Res Fundam Care Online. 2016; 8(2):4376-86. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.9789/2175-5361.2016.v8i2.4376-4386
Moraes SA, Moraes SA, Soares WFS, Lustosa LP, Bilton TL, Ferrioli E, Perracini MR. Characteristics of falls in elderly persons residing in the community: a population-based study. Rev Bras Geriatr Gerontol. 2017; 20(5):691-701. doi: https://doi.org/10.1590/1981-22562017020.170080
Paz LPS, Borges LL, Marães VRFS, Gomes MMF, Bachion MM, Menezes RL. Factors associated with falls in older adults with cataracts. Ciênc Saúde Coletiva; 2018; 23(8):2503-14. doi: https://doi.org/10.1590/1413-81232018238.14622016
Pereira SG, Santos CB, Doring M, Portella MR. Prevalence of household falls in long-lived adults and association with extrinsic factors. Rev Latino-Am Enfermagem. 2017; 25:e2900. doi: https://doi.org/10.1590/1518-8345.1646.2900
Copyright (c) 2021 Rev Rene
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.