Perception of spirituality, religiosity, and euphemia in the light of hospitalized patients

Keywords: Spirituality; Religion; Hospitalization; Patients; Nursing Care.

Abstract

Objective: to apprehend patients’ perception of spirituality, religiosity, and the practice of euphemia throughout hospitalization. Methods: qualitative research, conducted with 12 hospitalized patients. Data collection took place through individual interviews. The speeches were transcribed in full, submitted to thematic content analysis, and the discussion was based on the Transpersonal Care theory. Results: from the speeches, three categories emerged: Spirituality and religiosity: meaning and balm to human life; Benefits of the practice of euphemia in the hospital environment; Spirituality, religiosity, and euphemia in the art of nursing care: biopsychosocial triad in the patient’s perception. Conclusion: spirituality, religiosity, and euphemia were configured as a biopsychosocial triad capable of attributing meaning, foundation, and balm to human life. Also, it may encourage patients and nursing professionals to face the adversities of the hospital environment.


References

Cavalcanti ÍMC, Oliveira LO, Macêdo LC, Leal MHC, Morimura MCR, Gomes ET. Princípios dos cuidados paliativos em terapia intensiva na perspectiva dos enfermeiros. Rev Cuid. 2019; 10(1):e555. doi: https://doi.org/10.15649/cuidarte.v10i1.555

Longuiniere ACF, Yarid SD, Silva ECS. Influência da religiosidade/espiritualidade do profissional de saúde no cuidado ao paciente crítico. Rev Cuid. 2018; 9(1):1961-72. doi: https://dx.doi.org/10.15649/cuidarte.v9i1.413

Bezerra MSM, Souza SPS, Barbosa MARS, Souza IP. Spirituality and religiosity as coping strategies for illness and death. Ciênc Cuid Saúde. 2018; 17(4):e45155. doi: https://dx.doi.org/10.4025/cienccuidsaude.v17i4.45155

Zumstein-Shaha M, Ferrell B, Economou D. Nurses’ response to spiritual needs of cancer patients. Eur J Oncol Nurs. 2020; 48:101792. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejon.2020.101792

Maran E, Matsuda LM, Spigolon DN, Teston EF, Almeida ES, Silva PA, et al. Spirituality and practice of the euphemism in the workplace: perceptions of a nursing team. Rev Bras Enferm. 2020; 73(Suppl 6):e20190707. doi: https://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0034-7167-2019-0707

Tavares MM, Gomes AMT, Barbosa DJ, Rocha JCC, Bernardes MMR, Thiengo PCS. Spirituality and religiosity in the daily routine of hospital nursing. Rev Enferm UFPE Online [Internet]. 2018 [cited Jan 10, 2021]; 12(4):1097-102. Available from: https://periodicos.ufpe.br/revistas/revistaenfermagem/article/viewFile/234780/28688

Ienne A, Fernandes RAQ, Puggina AC. Does the spirituality of nurses interfere in the record of spiritual suffering diagnosis? Esc Anna Nery. 2018; 22(1):e20170082. doi: https://dx.doi.org/10.1590/2177-9465-EAN-2017-0082

Watson J. Human caring science: a theory of nursing. Denver: Jones & Bartlett Learning; 2012.

Folstein MF, Folstein SE, McHugh PR. Mini-mental state: a practical method for grading the cognitive state of patients for the clinician. J Psychiatric Res. 1975; 12:189-98. doi: https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0022-3956(75)90026-6

Bardin L. Análise de conteúdo. Lisboa: Edições 70; 2016.

Barbosa DJ, Gomes MP, Tosoli AMG, Souza, FBA. A espiritualidade e o cuidar em enfermagem em tempos de pandemia. Enferm Foco [Internet]. 2020 [cited Jan 10, 2021]; 11(1 Esp):131-4. Available from: https://biblioteca.cofen.gov.br/wpcontent/uploads/2020/09/EspiritualidadeCuidarEnfermagem.pdf

Rodrigues LR, Nader ID, Melo e Silva AT, Tavares DMS, Assunção LM, Molina NPFM. Spirituality and religiosity related to socio-demographic data of the elderly population. Rev Rene. 2017; 18(4):429-36: doi: https://doi.org/10.15253/2175-6783.2017000400002

Ballarin MLGS, Moreira CEFAA, Tannus LMN, Casacio GBP. Espiritualidade e saúde no contexto da terapia ocupacional. Rev Ciênc Méd [Internet]. 2016 [cited Jan 10, 2021]; 25(3):135-44. Available from: https://docs.bvsalud.org/biblioref/2019/02/859892/3777-12623-2-pb.pdf

Volpato RJ, Brasileiro ME, Gonçalves AMS, Ramirez EGL, Volpato GT, Lemes AG, et al. O cuidado espiritual realizado pela enfermagem na unidade de terapia intensiva. Rev Port Enferm Saúde Mental. 2020; (24):51-58. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.19131/rpesm.0281

Barbosa RMM, Ferreira JLP, Melo MCB, Costa JM. A espiritualidade como estratégia de enfrentamento para familiares de pacientes adultos em cuidados paliativos. Rev SBPH [Internet]. 2017 [cited Jan 16, 2021]; 20(1):165-82. Available from: http://pepsic.bvsalud.org/pdf/rsbph/v20n1/v20n1a10.pdf

Crize LB, Noguez PT, Oliveira SG, Bezerra BCC. Espiritualidade no cuidado de enfermagem ao paciente oncológico em cuidados paliativos. Rev Salusvita [Internet]. 2018 [cited Jan 16, 2021];37(3):577-97. Available from: https://secure.unisagrado.edu.br/static/biblioteca/salusvita/salusvita_v37_n3_2018/salusvita_v37_n3_2018_art_08.pdf

Harmuch C, Cavalcante MDMA, Zanoti-Jeronymo DV. Religião e espiritualidade no ensino e assistência de enfermagem na visão dos estudantes: uma revisão. Rev Uningá [Internet]. 2019 [cited Jan 27, 2021]; 56(s2):243-54. Available from: http://revista.uninga.br/index.php/uninga/article/view/938/1917

Veloza-Gómez M, Rodríguez LM, Guevara-Armenta C, Mesa Rodríguez S. The importance of spiritual care in nursing practice. J Holist Nurs. 2017; 35(2):118-31. doi: https://doi.org/10.1177/0898010115626777

Tavares CQ, Valente TCO, Cavalcanti APR, Carmos HO. Espiritualidade, religiosidade e saúde: velhos debates, novas perspectivas. Interações. 2016; 11(20):85-97. doi: https://doi.org/10.5752/P.1983-2478.2016v11n20p85

Oliveira CP, Calixto AM, Disconzi MV, Pinho LB, Camatta MW. Spiritual care performed in a drug user clinic. Rev Gaúcha Enferm. 2020; 41(esp):e20190121. doi: https://doi.org/10.1590/1983-1447.2020.20190121

Published
2021-06-09
Section
Research Article