Therapeutic adherence of patients with breast and prostate cancers

Keywords: Breast Neoplasms; Prostatic Neoplasms; Treatment Adherence and Compliance; Oncology Nursing.


Objective: to analyze the treatment compliance of patients with breast and prostate cancers. Methods: cross-sectional study with 303 patients with breast and prostate cancers. A semi-structured instrument and the Adherence Determinants Questionnaire Scale Brazilian version were used, and the data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. Results: mean adherence was found among all participants (100.0%). In patients with prostate cancer, we observed weak correlations between age and interpersonal aspects of care (r=0.198; p=0.048); and between treatment time and intentions (r=-0.295; p=0.049). In breast cancer patients, there was a positive correlation between age and perceived support/severity (r=0.174; p=0.013); and between years of study and interpersonal aspects of care (r=0.145; p=0.038) and intentions (r=0.156; p=0.026). Conclusion: patients with breast and prostate cancers showed moderate adherence to treatment, with higher means in the Support/Severity domain and lower in the Perceived Susceptibility domain.


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Research Article